Dale and Robyn

Default principles
Offensive bidding
Bidding diagrams
1             Precision (16+ any shape)
 1           Artificial / 0-7 / any shape
  1          Artificial / 19+ / any shape
   1         Artificial / 0-4 / any shape
    1NT        19-22 balanced (or nearly)
     2       Puppet stayman but may not have a major
      2      At least one 4 card major / passable
       2     4 cards in other major
       2     4 cards in other major
       2NT     No major / invite to 3NT
      2      5 / passable
      2      5 / passable
      2NT      No major and minimum
      3      Artificial / no major / max / passable
       3     5+ / to play
     2       Transfer to
      2      As requested (not max with 4+support)
     2       Transfer to
      2      As requested (not max with 4+support)
     2       Artificial / slam try / asks for minor
      2NT      No 4+minor / no 5+major
      3      Cheapest 4+minor
      3      Cheapest 4+minor
      3      5
      3      5
     2NT       6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
      3      Pass or correct to 3D
      3      Pass or correct to 3NT
     3       Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     3       Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     3       Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     3       Sets trumps (modified keycard)
    2        Artificial / GF or 23+balanced
     2       Artificial / denies an ace or king
      2      Game force
      2      Game force
      2NT      23-25(?) balanced-ish
       3     Puppet stayman
        3    At least one 4 card major
         3   4 cards in other major
         3   4 cards in other major
        3    5
        3    5
        3NT    No major
       3     Transfer to
       3     Transfer to
       3     54 (forcing)
      3      Game force
      3      Game force
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      4      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      4      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     2       5+ / has an A or K
     2       5+ / has an A or K
     2NT       Balanced or 4441 shape / has an A or K
     3       5+ / has an A or K
     3       5+ / has an A or K
    2        5+ / passable
    2        5+ / passable
    2        5+ / passable
    2NT        5+ unbalanced / passable
    3        6+ / passable
   1NT         5-7 balanced
    2        
     2       No major
     2       4
     2       4
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2NT         5-7 / 4441 shape (singleton )
   3         5-7 / 4441 shape (singleton )
   3         5-7 / 4441 shape (singleton )
   3         5-7 / 4441 shape (singleton )
    4NT        Keycard in
  1          16-18 / 5+ / passable
   1NT         5-7 with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
  1NT          16-18 balanced or 5332 (but not 5)
   2         Puppet stayman but may not have a major
    2        At least one 4 card major / passable
     2       4 cards in other major
     2       4 cards in other major
     2NT       No major / invite to 3NT
    2        5 / passable
    2        5 / passable
    2NT        No major and minimum
    3        Artificial / no major / max / passable
     3       5+ / to play
   2         Transfer to
    2        As requested (not max with 4+support)
   2         Transfer to
    2        As requested (not max with 4+support)
   2         Artificial / slam try / asks for minor
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   2NT         6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  2          16-18 / 5+ / passable
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2NT         5-7 / normally no 5+suit
  2          16-18 / 5+ / passable
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2NT         5-7 / normally no 5+suit
   3         5-7 / 5+
  2          16-18 / 5+ / passable
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2NT         5-7 / normally no 5+suit
   3         5-7 / 5+
   3         5-7 / 5+
  2          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  2NT          16-18 / 5+ unbalanced / passable
  3          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  3          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  3          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 1           8+ / 5+
  1          
   2         
    Pass        Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
    2        Stayman but may not have a major
    2        5+
    2        5+
    2        5+
    2NT        5+
    3        Sets trumps (modified keycard)
    3        Sets trumps (modified keycard)
    3        Sets trumps (modified keycard)
    3        Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  2          
   Pass         Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
   2         Stayman but may not have a major
   2         5+
   2         5+
   2         5+
   2NT         5+
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 1           8+ / 5+
  2          
   Pass         Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
   2         Stayman but may not have a major
   2         5+
   2         5+
   2         5+
   2NT         5+
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 1NT           8+ / balanced
  2          
   2         No major
   2         4
   2         4
 2           8+ / 5+
 2           8+ / 5+
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable %trumpsAreMySuit%
  2          To play
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
  3          To play
  3          To play
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable %trumpsAreMySuit%
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
  3          To play
  3          To play
  3          To play
 2NT           8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
 3           8+ / 4441 shape (singleton in )
 3           8+ / 4441 shape (singleton in )
 3           8+ / 4441 shape (singleton in )
  4NT          Keycard in
 3           Minimum; no singleton/void (unless A/K)

1             11-15 / 4+ (could be 45)
 1           
  1NT          11-15 / 54-5
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          11-15 / 4-55
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          6+
 1           
  1NT          11-15 / 54-5 or 1444 (singleton )
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          11-15 / 4-55
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          6+ or 5+/4
 2           
  2          
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           6-9 and 4+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
 3           10-12 and 4+support %trumpsAreMySuit%

1             11-15 / 5+ / not 5332 shape
 1           
  2          
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           
  2          
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
  3          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           6-9 / 3+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
  Pass          " "
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
 2NT           10+ and 3+support %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3NT          Max; 5 only; no single/void (unless A/K)
  4          Max; 6+; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
  4          Good min; no singletn/void (unless A/K)
 3           game try with <10 HCP %trumpsAreMySuit%
 4           Premptive raise %trumpsAreMySuit%

1             11-15 / 5+ / not 5332 shape
 2           
  2          
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
  3          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           
  3          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           6-9 / 3+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
  Pass          " "
 2NT           10+ and 3+support %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Minimum; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
  3NT          Max; 5 only; no single/void (unless A/K)
  4          Max; 6+; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
  4          Good min; no singletn/void (unless A/K)
 3           game try with <10 HCP %trumpsAreMySuit%
 4           Premptive raise %trumpsAreMySuit%

1NT             12-15 balanced or 5332 (any suit)
 2           Puppet stayman but may not have a major
  2          At least one 4 card major / passable
   2         4 cards in other major
   2         4 cards in other major
   2NT         No major / invite to 3NT
  2          5 / passable
  2          5 / passable
  2NT          No major and minimum
  3          Artificial / no major / max / passable
   3         5+ / to play
 2           Transfer to
  2          As requested (not max with 4+support)
 2           Transfer to
  2          As requested (not max with 4+support)
 2           Artificial / slam try / asks for minor
  2NT          No 4+minor / no 5+major
  3          Cheapest 4+minor
  3          Cheapest 4+minor
  3          5
  3          5
 2NT           6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
  3          Pass or correct to 3D
  3          Pass or correct to 3NT
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 4NT           Pass or bid 6NT

2             11-15 5+ (could have side suit)
 2           Query
  2          4/5+
  2          4/5+
  2NT          No major / max / 6+
  3          No major / min / 6+
 2           5+ / about 8-11 / passable
 2           5+ / about 8-11 / passable
 2NT           Natural invite
 3           Primarily obstructive %trumpsAreMySuit%

2             12-15 / 4414 (short ) / passable
 2           To play
 2           To play
 2NT           Invites 3NT
 3           To play
 3           Artificial asking for min/max
  3          Minimum
  3          Maximum
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 4           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 4           Sets trumps (modified keycard)

2             6-9 and 6
 2NT           Ogust (asks for points / trump quality) %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
  3          Min / 0-1 of top 3 honours
  3          Min / 2 of top 3 honours
  3          Max / 0-1 of top 3 honours
  3          Max / 2 of top 3 honours
  3NT          Trumps headed by AKQ

2             6-9 and 6
 2NT           Ogust (asks for points / trump quality) %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
  3          Min / 0-1 of top 3 honours
  3          Min / 2 of top 3 honours
  3          Max / 0-1 of top 3 honours
  3          Max / 2 of top 3 honours
  3NT          Trumps headed by AKQ

2NT             Preempt 55 in minors
 4           Preemptive raise
 4           Preemptive raise

3             Preempt (6+)
 4           Preemptive raise
 4           Keycard in

3             Preempt (6+)
 4           Keycard in
 4           Preemptive raise

3             Preempt (7+)
 4           Artificial / slam try in
 4           Artificial / keycard in

3             Preempt (7+)
 4           Artificial / slam try in
 4           Artificial / keycard in

3NT             Preempt 65 or better in the majors
 4           Asks for longer major
  4          Equal length (66 shape)
  4          Longer suit
  4          Longer suit
 4           Keycard in
 4NT           Keycard in

4             Preempt %trumpsAreMySuit%

4             Preempt %trumpsAreMySuit%
 4NT           %4nPopup%

4             %trumpsAreMySuit%
 4NT           %4nPopup%

4             %trumpsAreMySuit%
 4NT           %4nPopup%

Disturbed bidding
Bidding diagrams
1             Precision (16+ any shape)
 (D)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
  RD          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / balanced
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          0-4 / 6+
   (Any)         
    2        To play
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
    3        To play
    3        To play
   2         To play
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
   3         To play
   3         To play
  2          0-4 / 6+
   (Any)         
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
    3        To play
    3        To play
    3        To play
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
   3         To play
   3         To play
   3         To play
  2NT          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
   (Any)         
    4NT        Keycard in
   4NT         Keycard in
 (1)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
  RD          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / balanced
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          0-4 / 6+
   (Any)         
    2        To play
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
    3        To play
    3        To play
   2         To play
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
   3         To play
   3         To play
  2          0-4 / 6+
   (Any)         
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
    3        To play
    3        To play
    3        To play
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
   3         To play
   3         To play
   3         To play
  2NT          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
   (Any)         
    4NT        Keycard in
   4NT         Keycard in
 (1)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
  D          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / balanced
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          0-4 / 6+
  2          0-4 / 6+
   (Any)         
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
    3        To play
    3        To play
    3        To play
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
   3         To play
   3         To play
   3         To play
  2NT          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
   (Any)         
    4NT        Keycard in
   4NT         Keycard in
 (1)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
  D          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / balanced
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2NT          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
  3          8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
   (Any)         
    4NT        Keycard in
   4NT         Keycard in
 (1NT)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
   (2)         
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   (2NT)         
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
  D          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2          8+ / 5+
  2NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
  Any          
   (2)         
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   (2NT)         
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
 (2)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
  D          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
  2          8+ / 5+
  2NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
 (2)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
  RD          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
  2          8+ / 5+
  2NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
 (2)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
  D          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
  2          8+ / 5+
  2NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
 (2)           
  Pass          0-4 (or trapping) / any shape
  D          5-7 / any shape
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1          8+ / 5+
  1NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
  2          8+ / 5+
  2NT          8+ with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
 (Any)           
  1          
   (Any)         
    1        
     (Any)       
      2      
       (Any)     
        2    Stayman but may not have a major
        2    5+
        2    5+
        2    5+
        2NT    5+
        3    Sets trumps (modified keycard)
        3    Sets trumps (modified keycard)
        3    Sets trumps (modified keycard)
        3    Sets trumps (modified keycard)
       Any     Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
    2        
     (Any)       
      2      Stayman but may not have a major
      2      5+
      2      5+
      2      5+
      2NT      5+
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     Any       Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
  1          
   (Any)         
    2        
     (Any)       
      2      Stayman but may not have a major
      2      5+
      2      5+
      2      5+
      2NT      5+
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     Any       Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
  1NT          
   (Any)         
    2        
     (2)       
      Pass      No major
     (2)       
      D      Other major
     (2)       
      D      Other major
     (Any)       
      2      No major
      2      4
      2      4
 1           Artificial / 0-7 / any shape
  1          Artificial / 19+ / any shape
   (D)         
    3        
     (Any)       
      4NT      Keycard in
     4NT       Keycard in
   (1)         
    3        
     (Any)       
      4NT      Keycard in
     4NT       Keycard in
   (Any)         
    1NT        
     (Any)       
      2      
       (2)     
        Pass    No major
       (2)     
        D    Other major
       (2)     
        D    Other major
       (Any)     
        2    No major
        2    4
        2    4
   1         Artificial / 0-4 / any shape
    1NT        19-22 balanced (or nearly)
     (D)       
      Pass      Asks for XX (will pass XX or scramble)
       RD     
        Pass    Converting XX to penalties
        2    4+ and a higher 4+suit
        2    4+ and a 4+major
        2    4+/4+ in the majors
       2     5 (chose not to redouble)
       2     5 (chose not to redouble)
       2     5 (chose not to redouble)
       2     5 (chose not to redouble)
      RD      Takeout / dead flat hand
      2      5+ / to play
      2      5+ / to play
      2      5+ / to play
      2      5+ / to play
     2       Puppet stayman but may not have a major
      2      At least one 4 card major / passable
       2     4 cards in other major
       2     4 cards in other major
       2NT     No major / invite to 3NT
      2      5 / passable
      2      5 / passable
      2NT      No major and minimum
      3      Artificial / no major / max / passable
       3     5+ / to play
     2       Transfer to
      (D)      
       Pass     2 card support
       2     3+card support (not max with 4+support)
      2      As requested (not max with 4+support)
     2       Transfer to
      (D)      
       Pass     2 card support
       2     3+card support (not max with 4+support)
      2      As requested (not max with 4+support)
     2       Artificial / slam try / asks for minor
      (Any)      
       2NT     No 4+minor / no 5+major
       3     Cheapest 4+minor
       3     Cheapest 4+minor
       3     5
       3     5
      2NT      No 4+minor / no 5+major
      3      Cheapest 4+minor
      3      Cheapest 4+minor
      3      5
      3      5
     2NT       6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
      (Any)      
       3     Pass or correct to 3D
       3     Pass or correct to 3NT
      3      Pass or correct to 3D
      3      Pass or correct to 3NT
     3       Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     3       Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     3       Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     3       Sets trumps (modified keycard)
    2        Artificial / GF or 23+balanced
     2       Artificial / denies an ace or king
      2      Game force
      2      Game force
      2NT      23-25(?) balanced-ish
       3     Puppet stayman
        3    At least one 4 card major
         3   4 cards in other major
         3   4 cards in other major
        3    5
        3    5
        3NT    No major
       3     Transfer to
       3     Transfer to
       3     54 (forcing)
      3      Game force
      3      Game force
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      3      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      4      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
      4      Sets trumps (modified keycard)
     2       5+ / has an A or K
     2       5+ / has an A or K
     2NT       Balanced or 4441 shape / has an A or K
     3       5+ / has an A or K
     3       5+ / has an A or K
    2        5+ / passable
    2        5+ / passable
    2        5+ / passable
    2NT        5+ unbalanced / passable
    3        6+ / passable
   1NT         5-7 balanced
    2        
     (2)       
      Pass      No major
     (2)       
      D      Other major
     (2)       
      D      Other major
     2       No major
     2       4
     2       4
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2NT         5-7 / 4441 shape (singleton )
   3         5-7 / 4441 shape (singleton )
   3         5-7 / 4441 shape (singleton )
   3         5-7 / 4441 shape (singleton )
    (Any)        
     4NT       Keycard in
    4NT        Keycard in
  1          16-18 / 5+ / passable
   (Any)         
    1NT        5-7 with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
    2        5-7 / 5+
    2        5-7 / 5+
    2        5-7 / 5+
   1NT         5-7 with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
  1NT          16-18 balanced or 5332 (but not 5)
   (D)         
    Pass        Asks for XX (will pass XX or scramble)
     RD       
      Pass      Converting XX to penalties
      2      4+ and a higher 4+suit
      2      4+ and a 4+major
      2      4+/4+ in the majors
     2       5 (chose not to redouble)
     2       5 (chose not to redouble)
     2       5 (chose not to redouble)
     2       5 (chose not to redouble)
    RD        Takeout / dead flat hand
    2        5+ / to play
    2        5+ / to play
    2        5+ / to play
    2        5+ / to play
   2         Puppet stayman but may not have a major
    2        At least one 4 card major / passable
     2       4 cards in other major
     2       4 cards in other major
     2NT       No major / invite to 3NT
    2        5 / passable
    2        5 / passable
    2NT        No major and minimum
    3        Artificial / no major / max / passable
     3       5+ / to play
   2         Transfer to
    (D)        
     Pass       2 card support
     2       3+card support (not max with 4+support)
    2        As requested (not max with 4+support)
   2         Transfer to
    (D)        
     Pass       2 card support
     2       3+card support (not max with 4+support)
    2        As requested (not max with 4+support)
   2         Artificial / slam try / asks for minor
    (Any)        
     2NT       No 4+minor / no 5+major
     3       Cheapest 4+minor
     3       Cheapest 4+minor
     3       5
     3       5
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   2NT         6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
    (Any)        
     3       Pass or correct to 3D
     3       Pass or correct to 3NT
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  2          16-18 / 5+ / passable
   (Any)         
    2        5-7 / 5+
    2        5-7 / 5+
    2        5-7 / 5+
    2NT        5-7 with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2NT         5-7 / normally no 5+suit
  2          16-18 / 5+ / passable
   (Any)         
    2        5-7 / 5+
    2        5-7 / 5+
    2NT        5-7 with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
    3        5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2NT         5-7 / normally no 5+suit
   3         5-7 / 5+
  2          16-18 / 5+ / passable
   (Any)         
    2        5-7 / 5+
    2NT        5-7 with hold(s) / normally no 5+suit
    3        5-7 / 5+
    3        5-7 / 5+
   2         5-7 / 5+
   2NT         5-7 / normally no 5+suit
   3         5-7 / 5+
   3         5-7 / 5+
  2          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  2NT          16-18 / 5+ unbalanced / passable
  3          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  3          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  3          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 1           8+ / 5+
  1          
   2         
    Pass        Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
    2        Stayman but may not have a major
    2        5+
    2        5+
    2        5+
    2NT        5+
    3        Sets trumps (modified keycard)
    3        Sets trumps (modified keycard)
    3        Sets trumps (modified keycard)
    3        Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  2          
   Pass         Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
   2         Stayman but may not have a major
   2         5+
   2         5+
   2         5+
   2NT         5+
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 1           8+ / 5+
  2          
   Pass         Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
   2         Stayman but may not have a major
   2         5+
   2         5+
   2         5+
   2NT         5+
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   3         Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 1NT           8+ / balanced
  2          
   (2)         
    Pass        No major
   (2)         
    D        Other major
   (2)         
    D        Other major
   2         No major
   2         4
   2         4
 2           8+ / 5+
 2           8+ / 5+
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable %trumpsAreMySuit%
  (Any)          
   2         To play
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    (Any)        
     3       Min / none of top 3 honours
     3       Min / one of top 3 honours
     3       Max / none of top 3 honours
     3       Max/ one of top 3 honours
   3         To play
   3         To play
  2          To play
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
  3          To play
  3          To play
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable %trumpsAreMySuit%
  (Any)          
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    (Any)        
     3       Min / none of top 3 honours
     3       Min / one of top 3 honours
     3       Max / none of top 3 honours
     3       Max/ one of top 3 honours
   3         To play
   3         To play
   3         To play
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
  3          To play
  3          To play
  3          To play
 2NT           8+ / 4441 shape (singleton )
 3           8+ / 4441 shape (singleton in )
 3           8+ / 4441 shape (singleton in )
 3           8+ / 4441 shape (singleton in )
  (Any)          
   4NT         Keycard in
  4NT          Keycard in
 3           Minimum; no singleton/void (unless A/K)

1             11-15 / 4+ (could be 45)
 (D)           
  2          0-4 / 6+ / passable
   (Any)         
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
  2          0-4 / 6+ / passable
   (Any)         
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
 (1)           
  D          
   (Any)         
    1NT        11-15 / 54-5
    2        11-15 / 4-55
   1NT         11-15 / 54-5
   2         11-15 / 4-55
   2         6+ or 5+/4
  2          0-4 / 6+ / passable
   (Any)         
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
 (1)           
  D          
   (Any)         
    1NT        11-15 / 54-5 or 1444 (singleton )
    2        11-15 / 4-55
   1NT         11-15 / 54-5 or 1444 (singleton )
   2         11-15 / 4-55
   2         6+ or 5+/4major
 (1NT)           
  Pass          
   (2)         
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   (2NT)         
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
  Any          
   (2)         
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   (2NT)         
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
 (Any)           
  1          
   (Any)         
    1NT        11-15 / 54-5
    2        11-15 / 4-55
   2         6+
  1          
   (Any)         
    1NT        11-15 / 54-5 or 1444 (singleton )
    2        11-15 / 4-55
   2         6+ or 5+/4
  2          6-9 and 4+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
  3          10-12 and 4+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
 1           
  1NT          11-15 / 54-5
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          11-15 / 4-55
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          6+
 1           
  1NT          11-15 / 54-5 or 1444 (singleton )
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          11-15 / 4-55
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          6+ or 5+/4
 2           
  2          
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           6-9 and 4+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable
  (Any)          
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    (Any)        
     3       Min / none of top 3 honours
     3       Min / one of top 3 honours
     3       Max / none of top 3 honours
     3       Max/ one of top 3 honours
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable
  (Any)          
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    (Any)        
     3       Min / none of top 3 honours
     3       Min / one of top 3 honours
     3       Max / none of top 3 honours
     3       Max/ one of top 3 honours
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
 3           10-12 and 4+support %trumpsAreMySuit%

1             11-15 / 5+ / not 5332 shape
 (D)           
  2          6-9 / 3+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
  2          0-4 / 6+ / passable
   (Any)         
    2NT        Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
     (Any)       
      3      Min / none of top 3 honours
      3      Min / one of top 3 honours
      3      Max / none of top 3 honours
      3      Max/ one of top 3 honours
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    3        Min / none of top 3 honours
    3        Min / one of top 3 honours
    3        Max / none of top 3 honours
    3        Max/ one of top 3 honours
  3          game try with <10 HCP %trumpsAreMySuit%
  4          Premptive raise %trumpsAreMySuit%
 (1NT)           
  Pass          
   (2)         
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   (2NT)         
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
  Any          
   (2)         
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   (2NT)         
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
 (Any)           
  2          %trumpsAreMySuit%
   (D)         
    RD        Game try
    3        Competitive
   (2)         
    D        Game try
    3        Competitive
   (2NT)         
    D        Game try
    3        Competitive
   (3)         
    D        Game try
    3        Competitive
   (3)         
    3        Competitive
   Any         " "
  2NT          10+ and 3+support %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
   (3)         
    D        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
   (3)         
    Pass        Singleton/void (not A/K) in
   (3)         
    Pass        Singletn/void (not A/K) in cheaper suit
    D        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
   (3)         
    D        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
   (Any)         
    3        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
    3        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
    3        Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
    3        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
    3NT        Max; 5 only; no single/void (unless A/K)
    4        Max; 6+; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
    4        Good min; no singletn/void (unless A/K)
  3          %trumpsAreMySuit%
  4          %trumpsAreMySuit%
 1           
  2          
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           
  2          
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
  3          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           6-9 / 3+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
  (D)          
   RD         Game try
   3         Competitive
  (2)          
   D         Game try
   3         Competitive
  (2NT)          
   D         Game try
   3         Competitive
  (3)          
   D         Game try
   3         Competitive
  (3)          
   3         Competitive
  Pass          " "
 2           0-4 / 6+ / passable
  (Any)          
   2NT         Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
    (Any)        
     3       Min / none of top 3 honours
     3       Min / one of top 3 honours
     3       Max / none of top 3 honours
     3       Max/ one of top 3 honours
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality)
   3         Min / none of top 3 honours
   3         Min / one of top 3 honours
   3         Max / none of top 3 honours
   3         Max/ one of top 3 honours
 2NT           10+ and 3+support %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
  (3)          
   D         Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  (3)          
   Pass         Singleton/void (not A/K) in
  (3)          
   Pass         Singletn/void (not A/K) in cheaper suit
   D         Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  (3)          
   D         Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Min; no cheaper single/void(unless A/K)
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3NT          Max; 5 only; no single/void (unless A/K)
  4          Max; 6+; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
  4          Good min; no singletn/void (unless A/K)
 3           game try with <10 HCP %trumpsAreMySuit%
 4           Premptive raise %trumpsAreMySuit%

1             11-15 / 5+ / not 5332 shape
 (D)           
  2          6-9 / 3+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
  3          game try with <10 HCP %trumpsAreMySuit%
  4          Premptive raise %trumpsAreMySuit%
 (1NT)           
  Pass          
   (2)         
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   (2NT)         
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
  Any          
   (2)         
    2NT        No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        Cheapest 4+minor
    3        5
    3        5
   (2NT)         
    3        Pass or correct to 3D
    3        Pass or correct to 3NT
 (Any)           
  2          %trumpsAreMySuit%
   (D)         
    RD        Game try
    3        Competitive
   (2NT)         
    3        Competitive
   (3)         
    3        Competitive
   (3)         
    3        Competitive
   (3)         
    3        Competitive
   Any         " "
  2NT          10+ and 3+support %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
   (3)         
    D        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
   (3)         
    Pass        Singleton/void (not A/K) in
   (3)         
    D        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
   (3)         
    Pass        Singletn/void (not A/K) in cheaper suit
    D        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
   (Any)         
    3        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
    3        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
    3        Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
    3        Minimum; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
    3NT        Max; 5 only; no single/void (unless A/K)
    4        Max; 6+; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
    4        Good min; no singletn/void (unless A/K)
  3          %trumpsAreMySuit%
  4          %trumpsAreMySuit%
 2           
  2          
   2         4th suit forcing
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           
  2          
   3         4th suit forcing
  3          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           
  3          
   3         4th suit forcing
 2           6-9 / 3+support %trumpsAreMySuit%
  (D)          
   RD         Game try
   3         Competitive
  (2NT)          
   3         Competitive
  (3)          
   3         Competitive
  (3)          
   3         Competitive
  (3)          
   3         Competitive
  Pass          " "
 2NT           10+ and 3+support %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
  (3)          
   D         Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  (3)          
   Pass         Singleton/void (not A/K) in
  (3)          
   D         Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  (3)          
   Pass         Singletn/void (not A/K) in cheaper suit
   D         Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Singleton/void (not A/K) in bid suit
  3          Minimum; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
  3NT          Max; 5 only; no single/void (unless A/K)
  4          Max; 6+; no singleton/void (unless A/K)
  4          Good min; no singletn/void (unless A/K)
 3           game try with <10 HCP %trumpsAreMySuit%
 4           Premptive raise %trumpsAreMySuit%

1NT             12-15 balanced or 5332 (any suit)
 (D)           
  Pass          Asks for XX (will pass XX or scramble)
   RD         
    Pass        Converting XX to penalties
    2        4+ and a higher 4+suit
    2        4+ and a 4+major
    2        4+/4+ in the majors
   2         5 (chose not to redouble)
   2         5 (chose not to redouble)
   2         5 (chose not to redouble)
   2         5 (chose not to redouble)
  RD          Takeout / dead flat hand
  2          5+ / to play
  2          5+ / to play
  2          5+ / to play
  2          5+ / to play
 (2)           
  D          Invite+ / not always balanced
  2          5+ / competitive
  2          5+ / competitive
  2          5+ / competitive
  2NT          Lebensohl (partner will bid 3C)
   3         Forced (passable)
 (2)           
  2          5+ / competitive
  2          5+ / competitive
  2          5+ / competitive
  2NT          Lebensohl (partner will bid 3C)
   3         Forced (passable)
 (2)           
  D          Invite+ / not always balanced
  2          5+ / competitive
  2          5+ / competitive
  2          5+ / competitive
  2NT          Lebensohl (partner will bid 3C)
   3         Forced (passable)
 (2)           
  D          Invite+ / not always balanced
  2          5+ / competitive
  2          5+ / competitive
  2          5+ / competitive
  2NT          Lebensohl (partner will bid 3C)
   3         Forced (passable)
 (Any)           
  4NT          Pass or bid 6NT
 2           Puppet stayman but may not have a major
  2          At least one 4 card major / passable
   2         4 cards in other major
   2         4 cards in other major
   2NT         No major / invite to 3NT
  2          5 / passable
  2          5 / passable
  2NT          No major and minimum
  3          Artificial / no major / max / passable
   3         5+ / to play
 2           Transfer to
  (D)          
   Pass         2 card support
   2         3+card support (not max with 4+support)
  2          As requested (not max with 4+support)
 2           Transfer to
  (D)          
   Pass         2 card support
   2         3+card support (not max with 4+support)
  2          As requested (not max with 4+support)
 2           Artificial / slam try / asks for minor
  (Any)          
   2NT         No 4+minor / no 5+major
   3         Cheapest 4+minor
   3         Cheapest 4+minor
   3         5
   3         5
  2NT          No 4+minor / no 5+major
  3          Cheapest 4+minor
  3          Cheapest 4+minor
  3          5
  3          5
 2NT           6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
  (Any)          
   3         Pass or correct to 3D
   3         Pass or correct to 3NT
  3          Pass or correct to 3D
  3          Pass or correct to 3NT
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 4NT           Pass or bid 6NT

2             11-15 5+ (could have side suit)
 (2)           
  D          
   2         4/5+
   2         4/5+
   2NT         No major / max with hold(s)
   3         No major / min
 (2)           
  D          4!%suitBid% in other major
 (2)           
  D          4!%suitBid% in other major
 (Any)           
  2          Query
   (2)         
    Pass        Min / denies other major
    D        Other major
    2NT        Max with hold(s)
    3        Max (no hold)
   (2)         
    Pass        Min / denies other major
    D        Other major
    2NT        Max with hold(s)
    3        Max (no hold)
   2         4/5+
   2         4/5+
   2NT         No major / max / 6+
   3         No major / min / 6+
  2          5+ / about 8-11 / passable
  2          5+ / about 8-11 / passable
  2NT          Natural invite with hold(s)
  3          Primarily obstructive %trumpsAreMySuit%
 2           Query
  (2)          
   Pass         Min / denies other major
   D         Other major
   2NT         Max with hold(s)
   3         Max (no hold)
  (2)          
   Pass         Min / denies other major
   D         Other major
   2NT         Max with hold(s)
   3         Max (no hold)
  2          4/5+
  2          4/5+
  2NT          No major / max / 6+
  3          No major / min / 6+
 2           5+ / about 8-11 / passable
 2           5+ / about 8-11 / passable
 2NT           Natural invite
 3           Primarily obstructive %trumpsAreMySuit%

2             12-15 / 4414 (short ) / passable
 (D)           
  Pass          To play
  RD          To play
 (Any)           
  D          Penalties
  2          To play
  2          To play
  2NT          Invites 3NT
  3          To play
  3          Artificial asking for min/max
   (D)         
    3        Minimum
    3        Maximum
   3         Minimum
   3         Maximum
  3          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  3          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  4          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  4          Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 2           To play
 2           To play
 2NT           Invites 3NT
 3           To play
 3           Artificial asking for min/max
  (D)          
   3         Minimum
   3         Maximum
  3          Minimum
  3          Maximum
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 3           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 4           Sets trumps (modified keycard)
 4           Sets trumps (modified keycard)

2             6-9 and 6
 (Any)           
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality) %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
   3         Min / 0-1 of top 3 honours
   3         Min / 2 of top 3 honours
   3         Max / 0-1 of top 3 honours
   3         Max / 2 of top 3 honours
   3NT         Trumps headed by AKQ
 2NT           Ogust (asks for points / trump quality) %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
  3          Min / 0-1 of top 3 honours
  3          Min / 2 of top 3 honours
  3          Max / 0-1 of top 3 honours
  3          Max / 2 of top 3 honours
  3NT          Trumps headed by AKQ

2             6-9 and 6
 (Any)           
  2NT          Ogust (asks for points / trump quality) %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
   3         Min / 0-1 of top 3 honours
   3         Min / 2 of top 3 honours
   3         Max / 0-1 of top 3 honours
   3         Max / 2 of top 3 honours
   3NT         Trumps headed by AKQ
 2NT           Ogust (asks for points / trump quality) %trumpsArePartnersSuit%
  3          Min / 0-1 of top 3 honours
  3          Min / 2 of top 3 honours
  3          Max / 0-1 of top 3 honours
  3          Max / 2 of top 3 honours
  3NT          Trumps headed by AKQ

2NT             Preempt 55 in minors
 4           Preemptive raise
 4           Preemptive raise

3             Preempt (6+)
 4           Preemptive raise
 4           Keycard in

3             Preempt (6+)
 4           Keycard in
 4           Preemptive raise

3             Preempt (7+)
 (Any)           
  4          Artificial / slam try in
  4          Artificial / keycard in
 4           Artificial / slam try in
 4           Artificial / keycard in

3             Preempt (7+)
 (Any)           
  4          Artificial / slam try in
  4          Artificial / keycard in
 4           Artificial / slam try in
 4           Artificial / keycard in

3NT             Preempt 65 or better in the majors
 (Any)           
  4          Asks for longer major
   (Any)         
    4        Equal length (66 shape)
    4        Longer suit
    4        Longer suit
  4          Keycard in
  4NT          Keycard in
 4           Asks for longer major
  4          Equal length (66 shape)
  4          Longer suit
  4          Longer suit
 4           Keycard in
 4NT           Keycard in

4             Preempt %trumpsAreMySuit%

4             Preempt %trumpsAreMySuit%
 (Any)           
  4NT          %4nPopup%
 4NT           %4nPopup%

4             %trumpsAreMySuit%
 (Any)           
  4NT          %4nPopup%
 4NT           %4nPopup%

4             %trumpsAreMySuit%
 (Any)           
  4NT          %4nPopup%
 4NT           %4nPopup%

Defensive bidding
Bidding diagrams
(1)         
 Pass        
  (1)       
   1NT      Both minors (obstructive)
  (1)       
   D      Normally 44 or better in other 2 suits
  (1)       
   D      Normally 44 or better in other 2 suits
  (Any)       
   1NT      
    (D)     
     Pass    Asks for XX (will pass XX or scramble)
      RD   
       Pass  Converting XX to penalties
       2  4+ and a higher 4+suit
       2  4+ and a 4+major
       2  4+/4+ in the majors
      2   5 (chose not to redouble)
     RD    Takeout / dead flat hand
     2    5+ / to play
    (Any)     
     2    To play
     2    To play
     2    To play
     2    To play
     3    Obstructive/preemptive
     3    Obstructive/preemptive
     3    Obstructive/preemptive
     3    Obstructive/preemptive
     4    Obstructive/preemptive
     4    Obstructive/preemptive
     4    Obstructive/preemptive
     4    Obstructive/preemptive
     5    Obstructive/preemptive
     5    Obstructive/preemptive
     5    Obstructive/preemptive
     5    Obstructive/preemptive
     6    Obstructive/preemptive
     6    Obstructive/preemptive
     6    Obstructive/preemptive
     6    Obstructive/preemptive
     7    Obstructive/preemptive
     7    Obstructive/preemptive
     7    Obstructive/preemptive
     7    Obstructive/preemptive
    2     Puppet stayman but may not have a major
     2    At least one 4 card major / passable
      2   4 cards in other major
      2   4 cards in other major
      2NT   No major / invite to 3NT
     2    5 / passable
     2    5 / passable
     2NT    No major and minimum
     3    Artificial / no major / max / passable
      3   5+ / to play
    2     Transfer to
     (D)    
      Pass   2 card support
      2   3+card support (not max with 4+support)
     2    As requested (not max with 4+support)
    2     Transfer to
     (D)    
      Pass   2 card support
      2   3+card support (not max with 4+support)
     2    As requested (not max with 4+support)
    2     Artificial / slam try / asks for minor
     (Any)    
      2NT   No 4+minor / no 5+major
      3   Cheapest 4+minor
      3   Cheapest 4+minor
      3   5
      3   5
    2NT     6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
     (Any)    
      3   Pass or correct to 3D
      3   Pass or correct to 3NT
    3     Sets trumps (modified keycard)
   2NT      Preemptive / 55 in minors
  1NT       15-18 with hold(s)
   (D)      
    Pass     Asks for XX (will pass XX or scramble)
     RD    
      Pass   Converting XX to penalties
      2   4+ and a higher 4+suit
      2   4+ and a 4+major
      2   4+/4+ in the majors
     2    5 (chose not to redouble)
    RD     Takeout / dead flat hand
    2     5+ / to play
   2      To play
    2     At least one 4 card major / passable
     2    4 cards in other major
     2    4 cards in other major
     2NT    No major / invite to 3NT
    2     5 / passable
    2     5 / passable
    2NT     No major and minimum
    3     Artificial / no major / max / passable
     3    5+ / to play
   2      To play
    (D)     
     Pass    2 card support
     2    3+card support (not max with 4+support)
    2     As requested (not max with 4+support)
   2      To play
    (D)     
     Pass    2 card support
     2    3+card support (not max with 4+support)
    2     As requested (not max with 4+support)
   2      To play
    2NT     No 4+minor / no 5+major
    3     Cheapest 4+minor
    3     Cheapest 4+minor
    3     5
    3     5
   2NT      6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
    3     Pass or correct to 3D
    3     Pass or correct to 3NT
   3      Obstructive/preemptive
   3      Obstructive/preemptive
   3      Obstructive/preemptive
   3      Obstructive/preemptive
   4      Obstructive/preemptive
   4      Obstructive/preemptive
   4      Obstructive/preemptive
   4      Obstructive/preemptive
   5      Obstructive/preemptive
   5      Obstructive/preemptive
   5      Obstructive/preemptive
   5      Obstructive/preemptive
   6      Obstructive/preemptive
   6      Obstructive/preemptive
   6      Obstructive/preemptive
   6      Obstructive/preemptive
   7      Obstructive/preemptive
   7      Obstructive/preemptive
   7      Obstructive/preemptive
   7      Obstructive/preemptive
  2       19+ any shape
  2       Preemptive
  2       Preemptive
  2       Preemptive
  2NT       Preemptive / 55 in minors
  3       Preemptive
  3       Preemptive
  3       Preemptive
  3       Preemptive
 D        Both majors (obstructive)
 1        
  (Any)       
   2      Unassuming cuebid
  2       Unassuming cuebid
 1        
  (Any)       
   2      Unassuming cuebid
  2       Unassuming cuebid
 1        
  (Any)       
   2      Unassuming cuebid
  2       Unassuming cuebid
 1NT        Both minors (obstructive)
  (D)       
   Pass      ???
    RD     
     Pass    Converting XX to penalties
     2    4+ and a higher 4+suit
     2    4+ and a 4+major
     2    4+/4+ in the majors
    2     5 (chose not to redouble)
   RD      ???
   2      5+ / obstructive
   2      5+ / obstructive
   2      5+ / obstructive
   2      5+ / obstructive
  (2)       
   D      Invite+ / not always balanced
   2      5+ / competitive
   2      5+ / competitive
   2      5+ / competitive
   2NT      Lebensohl (partner will bid 3C)
    3     Forced (passable)
  (Any)       
   2      To play
   2      To play
   2      To play
   2      To play
   3      Obstructive/preemptive
   3      Obstructive/preemptive
   3      Obstructive/preemptive
   3      Obstructive/preemptive
   4      Obstructive/preemptive
   4      Obstructive/preemptive
   4      Obstructive/preemptive
   4      Obstructive/preemptive
   5      Obstructive/preemptive
   5      Obstructive/preemptive
   5      Obstructive/preemptive
   5      Obstructive/preemptive
   6      Obstructive/preemptive
   6      Obstructive/preemptive
   6      Obstructive/preemptive
   6      Obstructive/preemptive
   7      Obstructive/preemptive
   7      Obstructive/preemptive
   7      Obstructive/preemptive
   7      Obstructive/preemptive
  2       To play
   2      At least one 4 card major / passable
    2     4 cards in other major
    2     4 cards in other major
    2NT     No major / invite to 3NT
   2      5 / passable
   2      5 / passable
   2NT      No major and minimum
   3      Artificial / no major / max / passable
    3     5+ / to play
  2       To play
   (D)      
    Pass     2 card support
    2     3+card support (not max with 4+support)
   2      As requested (not max with 4+support)
  2       To play
   (D)      
    Pass     2 card support
    2     3+card support (not max with 4+support)
   2      As requested (not max with 4+support)
  2       To play
  2NT       6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
  3       Obstructive/preemptive
  3       Obstructive/preemptive
  3       Obstructive/preemptive
  3       Obstructive/preemptive
  4       Obstructive/preemptive
  4       Obstructive/preemptive
  4       Obstructive/preemptive
  4       Obstructive/preemptive
  5       Obstructive/preemptive
  5       Obstructive/preemptive
  5       Obstructive/preemptive
  5       Obstructive/preemptive
  6       Obstructive/preemptive
  6       Obstructive/preemptive
  6       Obstructive/preemptive
  6       Obstructive/preemptive
  7       Obstructive/preemptive
  7       Obstructive/preemptive
  7       Obstructive/preemptive
  7       Obstructive/preemptive
 2        19+ any shape
 2        Preemptive
 2        Preemptive
 2        Preemptive
 2NT        Preemptive / 55 in minors
 3        Preemptive
 3        Preemptive
 3        Preemptive
 3        Preemptive

(1)         
 Pass        
  (1)       
   D      Normally 44 or better in other 2 suits
  (1)       
   D      Normally 44 or better in other 2 suits
  (2)       
   D      Normally 44 or better in other 2 suits
  (Any)       
   1NT      
    (D)     
     Pass    Asks for XX (will pass XX or scramble)
      RD   
       Pass  Converting XX to penalties
       2  4+ and a higher 4+suit
       2  4+ and a 4+major
       2  4+/4+ in the majors
      2   5 (chose not to redouble)
     RD    Takeout / dead flat hand
     2    5+ / to play
    2     Puppet stayman but may not have a major
     2    At least one 4 card major / passable
      2   4 cards in other major
      2   4 cards in other major
      2NT   No major / invite to 3NT
     2    5 / passable
     2    5 / passable
     2NT    No major and minimum
     3    Artificial / no major / max / passable
      3   5+ / to play
    2     Transfer to
     (D)    
      Pass   2 card support
      2   3+card support (not max with 4+support)
     2    As requested (not max with 4+support)
    2     Transfer to
     (D)    
      Pass   2 card support
      2   3+card support (not max with 4+support)
     2    As requested (not max with 4+support)
    2     Artificial / slam try / asks for minor
     (Any)    
      2NT   No 4+minor / no 5+major
      3   Cheapest 4+minor
      3   Cheapest 4+minor
      3   5
      3   5
    2NT     6+minor / 2 of top 3 honours / game try
     (Any)    
      3   Pass or correct to 3D
      3   Pass or correct to 3NT
    3     Sets trumps (modified keycard)
  1NT       15-18 with hold
   (D)      
    Pass     Asks for XX (will pass XX or scramble)
     RD