FP-BTC

Default principles
Offensive bidding
Bidding diagrams
Opening bids:
1 17+ HCP, any hand
1 12-16, no major usually, unless bal and bad suit, or a strong max canape
1 12-16, if 4-crds balanced, suit will be at least a stopper; may be canape
1 12-16, if 4-crds balanced suit will be at least a stopper; may be canape
1NT 15-17, usually no 5M
2 12-16, at least 2/top 3 honors, may have 4M
2 12-16, at least 2/top 3 honors, no side suit
2 8-12, decent suit
2 8-12, decent suit
2NT 5+-5+, 8-12
3
3
3
3
3NT gambling - solid 7-crd minor with nothing on side in 1/2 seats
4
4
4
4


After bidding 1
  1             0-6 HCP
  1           17-22, semi-forcing, may have a longer side suit, occas. good 3-crd suit if minimum and 5-4 minors
   1          3-6 HCP
    1NT         5
    2         may be 4-5+
    2         may be 4-5+
    2         
    2         
    2NT         21-22, maybe just 4
    3         5+-4+, 20-22 or 4 losers
    3         5+-4+, 20-22 or 4 losers
    3         20-22
    3         
    3NT         
    4         
    4         
   1NT          3-5 HCP, denies 4, usually denies 3
    2         may be 4-5+
    2         may be 4-5+
    2         
    2         5+-4+, 20-22 or 4 losers
    2NT         19-20
    3         5+-4+, 20-22 or 4 losers
    3         5+-4+, 20-22 or 4 losers
    3         20-22
    3         6+-4, 20-22 or 4 losers
    3NT         
    4         
   2          tends to deny 3
    2         F1, may be 4-5+
    2         
    2         5+-4, F1
    2NT         F1, general force
    3         
    3         5+-4+
    3         
    3         5+-4+, 20+
    3NT         
    4         
   2          tends to deny 3
    2         
    2         5+-4, F1
    2NT         F1, general force
    3         may have just 4
    3         
    3         
    3         5+-4+ 20+
    3NT         
    4         
   2          simple raise
    2         20+, 5+, may have just 4
    2NT         just 4, balanced
    3NT         just 4, balanced
   2          any invite+ splinter for , 4+
    2NT         asks for which splinter (
    3         
   2NT          6 HCP, bal, no M
    3         5+-4+
   3          2 top honors, NF
    3         5+-4+
    3NT         
   3          2 top honors, NF
    3         5+-4+
    3NT         
   3          
   3          3-6 HCP, but not all in the suit
  1           17-22, semi-forcing, may have a longer side suit, occasionally good 3-crd suit if minimum and 5-4 minors
   1NT          3-6 HCP
    2         may be 4-5+
    2         may be 4-5+
    2         5+-4+
    2         
    2NT         21-22
    3         5+-4+, 20-22 or 4 losers
    3         5+-4+, 20-22 or 4 losers
    3         4+-5+, 20-22 or 4 losers
    3         20-22
    3NT         
    4         
   2          tends to deny 3
    2         may be 4-5+
    2         5+-4+
    2         
    2NT         F1, general force
    3         
    3         5+-4+ GF
    3         4+-5+ GF
    3         
    3NT         
   2          tends to deny 3
    2         5+-4+
    2         
    2NT         general force
    3          may be longer than
    3         
    3         5+-4+
    3         
    3NT         
   2          
    2         
    2NT         
    3          may be longer than
    3          may be longer than
    3         
    3         
    3NT         
    4         
   2          simple raise
    2NT         4 bal
    3         5+-4+
    3NT         4 bal
   2NT          any invite+ splinter for , 4+
    3         asks for the splinter (
    3         5+-4, 20+
    3         
    3NT         
    4         
   3          2 top honors
    3         5+-4+ 20+
    3NT         
   3          2 top honors
    3         5+-4+ 20+
    3NT         
    4         
   3          3-6 HCP but not all in the suit
   3          2-6 HCP but not all in the suit
  1NT           18-20, at most 1 major, could be 5-4 minors with no good 3-crd major
   RD          SOS, denies
   2          Scanian Stayman: could be looking for a major, or a) weak 4-4 majors, or b) weak 6+ or 6+-4M, or c) invite 5, or d) various GF+ minor hands
    2         no 4M
     2        4+ 4+ majors, signoff
      2       
     2        5 invite
      Pass       2-3, minimum
      2NT       2, can play 3N opposite good invite
      3       game try, 3, good 4-crd suit
      3       game try, 3, good 4-crd suit
      3       game try, 3, values in
      3       3, counter-invite, no good side minor
      3NT       max, 2
      4       max, 3
     2NT        transfer to , may be a) to play, b) 6+ GF+, c) 6+d sing. GF+, d) 5-5 minors good suits serious slam try, e) 6M-5 no slam
      3       forced
       Pass      signoff, 6+, may or may not have major
       3      6+ minor, sing. in other minor, GF+
        3     asks for singleton
         3    sing. , game or slam
         3NT    sing. , no slam
         4    sing/void , slammish
         4    void , slammish
       3      sing , 6+, GF+
       3      sing , 6+, GF+
       3NT      mild slam try, 6+ bal
       4      serious slam try, 6+ bal
       4      good slam try, 5+ 5+ minors, at least 2 top honors between the 2 suits
        4     asks # top honors in minors (3, 4, 5...)
       4      6-5, no slam
       4      6-5, no slam
     3        transfer to , may be a) weak signoff, b) GF+ 1-suiter, c) mild slam try 5-5 minors good suits, d) 6M-5 signoff
      3       forced
       Pass      6+, signoff, might not have a major
       3      6+, sing , GF+
       3      6+, sing , GF+
       3NT      6+ bal, mild slam try
       4      mild slam try, 5+ 5+ minors, at least 2 top honors between the two suits
        4     asks # top honors in minors (3, 4, 5...)
       4      6+ bal, serious slam try
       4      6-5, no slam
       4      6-5, no slam
     3        minors suit stayman, slammish
      3       4-5, denies 4
       3      cue for
       3NT      had mild slam try opposite
       4      sets suit, no cue, no A
       4      sets , A, no cue
       4      cue for , no or cue
       4NT      quantitative, 4-5
      3       4-5, denies 4
       3NT      had mild slam try opposite
       4      cue for
       4      sets , no cue, no A
       4      A, no cue, sets
       4      cue for , no or cue
       4NT      quantitative, 4-5
      3NT       4-4 minors
       4      sets suit
       4      sets suit
     3        Smolen: 5+-4 GF+, or 5-5 game only
      3       good hand for slam
      3NT       misfit
       4      5-4-1-3
       4      5-4-3-1
       4      5-5, no slam
       4      6-4 mild slam try, NF
       4NT      5-4-2-2 quant
       5      6-4 serious slam try
      4       cue for , good hand for slam
      4       cue for , good hand for slam
      4       cue for , good hand for slam
      4       bad for slam
     3        Smolen: 5+-4 GF+, or 5-5 slam try bad suits
      3NT       misfit
       4      4-5-1-3
       4      4-5-3-1
       4      6-4 mild slam try
       4      5-5, slam try, less than 3 top honors between the 2 majors
       4NT      5-4-2-2 quant
       5      6-4 serious slam try
      4       cue for , good hand for slam
      4       cue for , good hand for slam
      4       bad hand for slam
      4       bad for slam
     3NT        might not have major
     4        5-5, splinter, slam try, 3+ top honors between the majors
      4       asks # top honors in majors (3, 4...)
      4       
      4       
      4NT       no minor cue, 3 top honors in majors
      5       cue, 3 top honors in majors
      5       cue, 3 top honors in majors
     4        5-5, splinter, slam try, 3+ top honors between the majors
      4       asks # top honors in majors (3, 4, 5...)
      4       
      4NT       3 top honors in majors, slam try
      5       cue, 3 top honors in majors
      5       cue, 3 top honors in majors, no cue
      5       
     4        6-4, no slam unless opener has magic
     4        6-4, no slam unless opener has magic
     4NT        Blackwood (0, 1, 2..)
    2         4, maybe 4
     2        5 exactly, invite
      Pass       2-3, minimum
      2NT       2, can play 3N opposite good invite
      3       game try, 3, good 4-crd suit
      3       game try, 3, good 4-crd suit
      3       game try, 3, good 4-crd suit
      3       3-4, counter-invite, no good side minor
      3NT       max, 2
      4       max, 3-4
     2NT        transfer to , may be a) to play, b) 6+ GF+, c) 6+d sing. GF+, d) 5-5 minors good suits serious slam try, e) 6M-5 no slam
      3       forced
       Pass      signoff, 6+, may or may not have major
       3      6+ minor, sing. in other minor, GF+
        3     asks for singleton
         3    sing. , game or slam
         3NT    sing. , no slam
         4    sing/void , slammish
         4    void , slammish
       3      sing , 6+, GF+
       3      sing , 6+, GF+
       3NT      mild slam try, 6+ bal
       4      serious slam try, 6+ bal
       4      good slam try, 5+ 5+ minors, at least 2 top honors between the 2 suits
        4     asks # top honors in minors (3, 4, 5...)
       4      6-5, no slam
       4      6-5, no slam
     3        transfer to , may be a) weak signoff, b) GF+ 1-suiter, c) mild slam try 5-5 minors good suits, d) 6M-5 signoff
      3       forced
       Pass      6+, signoff, might not have a major
       3      6+, sing , GF+
       3      6+, sing , GF+
       3NT      6+ bal, mild slam try
       4      mild slam try, 5+ 5+ minors, at least 2 top honors between the two suits
        4     asks # top honors in minors (3, 4, 5...)
       4      6+ bal, serious slam try
       4      6-5, no slam
       4      6-5, no slam
     3        asks for side suit - a) slam try for a minor, or b) looking for 4-4 fit, or c) slammish raise in without 2 of top 3 honors
      3       4, or 4-333
       3      interest in
        3NT     4-333
        4     4, minimum
        4     cue with 4, max
        4     cue with 4, max
        4     cue with 4, max
       3NT      
       4      4, cue, denies 2 top honors in , slammish
       4      4, cue, denies 2 top honors in , slammish
       4      4, no minor cue, denies 2 top honors in , slammish
      3       4
       3NT      
       4      cue for
       4      cue for
       4      slam try, 4 without 2 of top 3 honors
      3NT       4
       4      cue for
       4      sets , no cue
       4      slam try in , denies 2 of top 3 honors
     3        
     3        5-4+ in majors, slammish
      3NT       asks for singleton
       4      splinter
       4      splinter
       4      5-4-2-2 minimum
       4      5-4-2-2 maximum
     3NT        does not promise 4
     4        cue for , slammish, promises at least 2 of top 3 trumps
     4        cue for , slammish, promises at least 2 of top 3 trumps
     4        
     4        voidwood for
     4NT        RKC for
     5        voidwood for
     5        voidwood for
    2         4, denies 4
     2NT        transfer to , may be a) to play, b) 6+ GF+, c) 6+d sing. GF+, d) 5-5 minors good suits serious slam try, e) 6M-5 no slam
      3       forced
       Pass      signoff, 6+, may or may not have major
       3      6+ minor, sing. in other minor, GF+
        3     asks for singleton
         3    sing. , game or slam
         3NT    sing. , no slam
         4    sing/void , slammish
         4    void , slammish
       3      sing , 6+, GF+
       3      sing , 6+, GF+
       3NT      mild slam try, 6+ bal
       4      serious slam try, 6+ bal
       4      good slam try, 5+ 5+ minors, at least 2 top honors between the 2 suits
        4     asks # top honors in minors (3, 4, 5...)
       4      6-5, no slam
       4      6-5, no slam
     3        transfer to , may be a) weak signoff, b) GF+ 1-suiter, c) mild slam try 5-5 minors good suits, d) 6M-5 signoff
      3       forced
       Pass      6+, signoff, might not have a major
       3      6+, sing , GF+
       3      6+, sing , GF+
       3NT      6+ bal, mild slam try
       4      mild slam try, 5+ 5+ minors, at least 2 top honors between the two suits
        4     asks # top honors in minors (3, 4, 5...)
       4      6+ bal, serious slam try
       4      6-5, no slam
       4      6-5, no slam
     3        slammish, asks about minors, or could be a bal slam try in without 2 of top 3 trumps
      3       4
       3      bal slam try in , denies 2 of top 3 honors
       3NT      
       4      sets
       4      cue for
       4      cue for , no cue
      3       4
       3NT      
       4      cue for
       4      sets , no cue
       4      cue for , no cue
       4      bal slam try in , denies 2 of top 3 honors
      3NT       4-333
       4      cue for , bal slam try without 2 of top 3
       4      cue for , bal slam try without 2 of top 3
       4      cue for , bal slam try without 2 of top 3
     3        5+-4+ majors, slam try
      3       asks for shortness
       3NT      no shortness (5422)
       4      splinter
       4      splinter
     3        
     3NT        might not have 4
     4        bal slam try in , cue, at least 2 of top 3 honors in trumps
     4        bal slam try in , cue, at least 2 of top 3 honors in trumps
     4        bal slam try in , cue, at least 2 of top 3 honors in trumps
     4        
     4NT        RKC for
     5        voidwood for
     5        voidwood for
     5        voidwood for
   2          transfer, may be 4 invite
    2         normal accept
     2        4-5, invite, denies 4
      2NT       2-3, minimum
       3      5-5 invite
       3      5-5 invite
      3       max, relay
       3      4, sing. minor
        3     asks sing (
       3      5
       3      4, sing.
       3NT      4, bal
      3       4, bare minimum
      4       
     2NT        4-4 invite
      3       max, asks if pd has weak doubleton (or less) in the suit
       3      weak doubleton or worse in
       3NT      better than weak doubleton in
      3       max, asks if pd has weak doubleton (or less) in the suit
       3      weak doubleton or worse in
       3NT      better than weak doubleton in
      3       
      3       
      3NT       
      4       
      4       
     3        5+, GF, any shape
      3       misfit, or xxx with interest in NT
       3      short or 5-4m-2-2
        3     xxx , suggests 3N
         3NT    
         4    5-4-2-2 slammish
          4   cue for
          4   
          4   cue for
          5   
         4    5-4-2-2 slammish
          4   
          4   cue for
          5   cue for
          5   
        3NT     no fit, stopped
         4    5-4-2-2 slammish
          4   cue for
          4   
          4   cue for
          5   
         4    5-4-2-2 slammish
          4   
          4   cue for
          5   cue for
          5   
       3      short , any strength
       3NT      short , no slam
       4      short , slam try
       4      6+-4, slammish
       4      6+-4, slammish
       4      5-4-4
      3       Hxx or better fit
       3      slam try, no 4m, might not have cue
       3NT      
       4      slam try
       4      slam try
       4      
      3       max, xxx(x) , no minor
      4       max, xxx(x) , 4
      4       max, xxx(x) , 4
     3        6+, invite to game or slam
      3       minimum
       3      slammish cue
       3NT      slammish, bal
       4      slammish cue
       4      slammish cue
       4      had a mild slam try, but no longer
      3       max, fit, cue
      3NT       to play opposite invite
       4      slammish cue
       4      slammish cue
       4      
       4      slammish cue
      4       max, fit, cue
      4       max, fit, cue
      4       bad for slam but can accept an invite
     3        5-5 invite
     3        6+, slammish, any splinter
      3NT       asks splinter (4
     3NT        choice of games, 5332/5422
     4        5-5, slammish, at least 3 top honors in the two suits
      4       asks # top honors in the 2 suits (3, 4, ...)
      4       minimum, misfit
      4       cue, 3 top honors in /
      4NT       cue in , no cue, 3 top honors in /
      5       minimum, misfit
     4        5-5, slammish, at least 3 top honors in the two suits
      4       minimum, misfit
      4       asks num top honors in the 2 suits (3, 4, 5...)
      4NT       cue in , 3 top honors in /
      5       cue in , no cue, 3 top honors in /
      5       minimum, misfit
     4        does not exist, you forgot to bid 4 or 4 instead of 2, good luck
    2         max, 4, useful doubleton in
     3        re-transfer
      3       forced
       Pass      weak 5+
       3      cue for
       4      cue for
       4      cue for
       4      4+
    2NT         max, 4, useful doubleton in
     3        re-transfer
      3       forced
       Pass      weak 5+
       3      cue for
       4      cue for
       4      cue for
       4      4+
    3         max, 4, useful doubleton in
     3        re-transfer
      3       forced
       Pass      weak 5+
       3      cue for
       4      cue for
       4      cue for
       4      4+
   2          transfer, may be 4 invite, even 5-4 invite
    2         normal accept
     2NT        invite, 4
      3       asks if pd unbalanced
       3      sing.
       3      sing.
       3      sing.
       3NT      no sing.
      3       
      3NT       
      4       
     3        GF, 5+, any shape
      3       misfit, or xxx with interest in NT
       3      short or 5-4m-2-2
        3     xxx , suggests 3N
         3NT    
         4    5-4-2-2 slammish
          4   cue for
          4   
          4   cue for
          5   
         4    5-4-2-2 slammish
          4   
          4   cue for
          5   cue for
          5   
        3NT     no fit, stopped
         4    5-4-2-2 slammish
          4   cue for
          4   
          4   cue for
          5   
         4    5-4-2-2 slammish
          4   
          4   cue for
          5   cue for
          5   
       3      short , any strength
       3NT      short , no slam
       4      short , slam try
       4      6+-4, slammish
       4      5-4-4
       4      6+-4, slammish
      3       xxx(x) , no minor
       3      slam try, no 4m, might not have cue
       3NT      
       4      slam try
       4      slam try
       4      
      3       Hxx or better raise
       3NT      
       4      slam try
       4      slam try
       4      slam try, no minor
       4      
      4       max, xxx(x) , 4
      4       max, xxx(x) , 4
     3        6+, invite to game or slam
      3       max, fit, cue
       3      slammish cue
       3NT      slammish, bal
       4      slammish cue
       4      slammish cue
       4      had a mild slam try, but no longer
      3       minimum
       3NT      slammish, bal
       4      slammish cue
       4      slammish cue
       4      slammish cue
       4      had a mild slam try, but no longer
      3NT       to play opposite invite
       4      slammish cue
       4      slammish cue
       4      slammish cue
       4      
      4       max, fit, cue
      4       max, fit, cue
      4       can accept game invite, but bad for slam
     3        5-4 invite
     3        6+, slammish, any singleton
      3NT       asks for singleton
     3NT        5332/5422, choice of games
     4        5-5, slammish, at least 3 top honors between the two suits
      4       asks # top honors in the 2 suits (3, 4...)
      4       cue, 3 top honors in the /
      4       minimum, misfit
      4NT        cue, no cue, 3 top honors in the /
      5       minimum, misfit
     4        5-5, slammish, at least 3 top honors between the 2 suits
      4       asks # top honors in / (3, 4..)
      4       min misfit
      4NT       cue in , 3 of top 3 honors between /
      5       cue, no cue, 3 of top 3 honors between /
      5       min misfit
     4        does not exist, you forgot to bid 4 or 4 instead of 2, good luck
    2NT         max, 4, useful doubleton in
     3        re-transfer
      3       forced
       3NT      
       4      cue, slammish
       4      cue, slammish
       4      cue, slammish
       4      
    3         max, 4, useful doubleton in
     3        re-transfer
      3       forced
       3NT      
       4      cue, slammish
       4      cue, slammish
       4      cue, slammish
       4      
    3         max, 4, useful doubleton in
     3        re-transfer
      3       forced
       3NT      
       4      cue, slammish
       4      cue, slammish
       4      cue, slammish
       4      
   2          a) weak single-suiter, or b) invit to 3N, or c) 5-5 minors any strength, or d) 5+-4 minors GF+
    2NT         minimum
     Pass        bal invite
     3        5-5 minors weak or invite (pass/correct)
     3        6+ 1-suiter, signoff
     3        5+-4+ minors, 0-1, 2-3
     3        5+-4+ minors, 0-1, 2-3
    3         max, preference over
     Pass        5-5 minors, weak
     3        6+ 1-suiter, signoff
     3        5+-4+ minors, 0-1, 2-3, GF
     3        5+-4+ minors, 0-1, 2-3, GF
    3         max, preference over
     Pass        weak, 5-5 minors or 6+ 1-suiter
     3        5+-4+ minors, 0-1, 2-3, GF
     3        5+-4+ minors, 0-1, 2-3, GF
   2NT          asks for a weak doubleton (could have a 6+ crd suit hoping to run)
    3         weak doubleton
    3         weak doubleton
    3         weak doubleton
    3         weak doubleton
    3NT         no weak doubleton
   3          GF splinter
    3         
     3        
     3        
    3         
    3         
    3NT         no side suit
   3          GF splinter
    3         
    3         
    3NT         no major, stopped
    4         not great stopper
   3          GF splinter, 4
   3          GF splinter, 4
   3NT          
   4          South African Texas to , no slam
    4         forced
   4          South African Texas to , no slam
    4         forced
   4          
   4          
   4NT          Blackwood (0, 1, 2...) - quant goes through 2...3 usually
  2           either 6+, or 5+ 20+, or GF balanced hand
   2          relay, no 5M or good 5
    2         any max, or 20-22 with 4
     2        relay
      2NT       25+ bal
       3      asks to bid suits up the line
       3      5+, 0-4 HCP, may have 4M
       3      5+, 4
       3      5+, 4
      3       5+-4 20-22
       3      [5+ 1-suiter], or [cue for ]
       3      to play
       3      [ stop, no stop], or [cue for ]
       3NT      
       4      no slam interest
      3       23+, 5+-4
      3       23+, 5+-4
      3       23+, 5+-4
      3NT       6+, max, all side suits stopped
     2NT        3-4 HCP, 4, NF
     3        3-4 HCP, 4, NF
    2         20-22, 5+-4
    2NT         20-22 6+ 1-suiter, or 5-4 minors 2-2
     3        
     3        if v. weak then 5+ crds
     3        stopper or suit (assume stopper)
     3        stopper or suit (assume stopper)
     3NT        to play, but no major stoppers
    3         17-19, 6+
     3        stopper
      3        stopper, may also have stopper
      3        stopper, no stopper
      3NT       no M stoppers
     3        stopper, no stopper, may have stopper
     3        stopper, no red stopper
     3NT        no side stops
    3         6-5 GF
    3         6-5 GF
    3         6-5 GF
   2          F1
    2         5+-4 20+
    2NT         positive force, / values, usually 19+ 1-suiter
    3         17-19 6+ 1-suiter
    3         5+-4
    3         3+, minimum
    3         5+-4 GF
    3NT         
    4         A, 5+, 4 20+
    4         no A, 5+, 4 20+
    4         great raise, but bad for slam
   2          F1, denies 5
    2NT         positive force, red values, F1, usually 19+ 1-suiter
     3        5+-4+, invite
    3         17-19, 6+ no fit
     3        5+-4+ invite
    3         5+-4 GF
    3         5+-4 GF
    3         minimum raise
    3NT         
    4         20+ 5+ 4, A
    4         cue, 20+ 5+ 4, no A
    4         cue, 20+ 5+ 4, no A
    4         great raise, but no slam
   2NT          5+, F1
    3         denies 3+, most hands
     3        asks to bid stoppers up the line
     3        
     3        
     3NT        both majors stopped
    3         
    3         20+, 6+-5
    3         20+, 6+-5
    3NT         no interest
   3          5-4+ GF
   3          6+ crds, invite, not all strength in suit
   3          6+ crds, invite, not all strength in suit
   3NT          5-5
  2           17-19 6+ 1-suiter, or 20+ 5+ or 444-1
   2          waiting
    2         minimum 4, or any GF
     2NT        relay
      3       20-22, 4+-4
      3       23+, 1-suiter
      3       23+, 5+-4
      3       23+, 5+-4
      3NT       solid , 9 tricks
    2NT         minimum, 4+-5+
    3         5+-4, F1
    3         17-19 1-suiter
    3         6+-5 GF
    3         6+-5 GF
    3NT         6+-5 GF
   2          
   2NT          5+
   3          
   3          unbalanced
  2           Kokish: GF 5+, or 23-24 balanced
   2          
    2NT         23-24 bal (nat continuations)
    3         5+-4+
    3         5+-4+
    3         6+
    3         5+-4
   2NT          AQxxx/KQxxx
   3          AQxxx/KQxxx
   3          AQxxx/KQxxx
   3          AQxxx/KQxxx
  2           
  2NT           21-22, denies 4M or 5m (bid 1M/2m otherwise)
   3          signoff in any suit
    3         no game interest opposite
     Pass        5+ weak
     3        
     3        
     3NT        signoff in
    3         game interest in , but not
     Pass        5+, weak
     3        
     3NT        diamonds
     4        
   3          minor suit relay
    3         2-3-4-4
    3         3-2-4-4
    3NT         4m-333
   3          
   3          
   3NT          
   4          2 top honors
   4          2 top honors
  3           17-20, 5+-5+
  3           21+ HCP, 5+-5+
  3           9 tricks
  3           9 tricks

  1             0-2 controls, 7+ HCP, GF
  1           
   1NT          waiting, no good 5-crd suit, may have Hxx support
    2         nat, or bal 23+
     2        less than Hxx support
      2       5-4
      2       6-4
      2NT       5332 23+
      3       5-5
     2        Hxxx or better
     2        Hxx , denies Hxxx
     2NT        Hxx , and 4+
    2         
    2         
    2         
    2NT         
    3         slammish 2-suiter
    3         slammish 2-suiter
    3         slammish 2-suiter
   2          denies Hxx or better
   2          denies Hxx or better
   2          denies Hxx or better
   2          Hxx or better support, with bad 5-crd side suit (2N asks which)
   3          Hxx or better , good 5+ suit (fit jump)
   3          Hxx or better , good 5+ suit (fit jump)
   3          Hxx or better , good 5+ suit (fit jump)
   3          good 5+ (2 top honors likely)
   4          denies Hxx or better support
  1NT           
   2          
   2          
   2          
    2NT         Hxx or better support
    4         Jxx(x) or worse support, no good side suit
   2          
    2NT         Hxx or better support
    4         Jxx(x) or worse support, no good side suit
  2           
   2          waiting, denies ability to make any other bid
   2          
   2          
   2NT          5+
   3          Hxx or better support, 5+
   3NT          
  2           
   2          waiting, can't make any other bid
   2          
   2NT          5+
   3          
   3          Hxx or better , 5+
   3NT          
  2           
   2          denies Hxx or better
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         2-suiter with or , or slammish balanced
     3        denies 3
      3       5+-4
      3       5+-4
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, no or interest
     3        3, spade interest
      3NT       4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       denies
     3NT        3, interest in
      4       
      4       slamtry , denies 4
      4       denies 4+
    3         5-4+
    3         
    3         6-5
    4         4-5-4
    4         4-5-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          Hxx or better , weak side 5-crd suit (3 asks [3N
   3          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          denies Hxx or better support
  2           great suit
  3           great suit
  3           great suit
  3           great suit

  1             3 controls, GF
  1NT           no 5-crd suit
   2          
    2NT         Hxx or better support
    4         Jxx(x) or worse support, no good side suit
   2          
    2NT         Hxx or better support
    4         Jxx(x) or worse support, no good side suit
  2           
   2          relay, can't make any other bid, may have Hxx support
    2NT         4
   2          
   2          
   2NT          5+
   3          Hxx or better support, and 5+
   3          AKQxxx
   3          AKQxxx
   3NT          
  2           
  2           
   2          denies Hxx or better
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         2-suiter with or , or slammish balanced
     3        denies 3
      3       5+-4
      3       5+-4
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, no or interest
     3        3, spade interest
      3NT       4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       denies
     3NT        3, interest in
      4       
      4       slamtry , denies 4
      4       denies 4+
    3         5-4+
    3         
    3         6-5
    4         4-5-4
    4         4-5-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          Hxx or better , weak side 5-crd suit (3 asks [3N
   3          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          denies Hxx or better support
  2           
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         natural, or slammish balanced
     3        no fit
      3       5+-4+
      3       6-4+
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, interest in
     3        3, no interest
    3         
    3         
    3         
    4         5-4-4
    4         5-4-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          denies Hxx or better
   3          Hxx or better , weak 5-crd side suit (3N asks for it)
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          denies Hxx or better support
  2NT           5-5 in m's, M's, or non-touching suits
   3          
    3         5-5
    3         5-5
    3         5-5
    3NT         5-5
  3           great suit
  3           great suit
  3           great suit
  3           great suit

  1NT             4 controls, GF
  2           2-suiter with 5+, or balanced
   2          no 5M
    2         balanced
    2         balanced
    2NT         4 balanced
    3         4-333 balanced
    3         5-4 slammish
    3         5-4 slammish
    3         5-4 slammish
   2          
   2          
   2NT          5+
  2           
   2          waiting, may have Hxx support, can't make any other bid
   2          
   2NT          5+
   3          
   3          Hxx or better , 5+
   3          AKQxxx
   3          AKQxxx
  2           
   2          denies Hxx or better
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         2-suiter with or , or slammish balanced
     3        denies 3
      3       5+-4
      3       5+-4
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, no or interest
     3        3, spade interest
      3NT       4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       denies
     3NT        3, interest in
      4       
      4       slamtry , denies 4
      4       denies 4+
    3         5-4+
    3         
    3         6-5
    4         4-5-4
    4         4-5-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          Hxx or better , weak side 5-crd suit (3 asks [3N
   3          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          Jxx(x) or worse support
  2           
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         natural, or slammish balanced
     3        no fit
      3       5+-4+
      3       6-4+
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, interest in
     3        3, no interest
    3         
    3         
    3         
    4         5-4-4
    4         5-4-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          denies Hxx or better
   3          Hxx or better , weak side 5-crd suit (3N asks for it)
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          Jxx(x) or worse support
  2NT           6+
  3           great suit
  3           great suit
  3           great suit
  3           great suit

  2             5 controls, GF
  2           
   2          balanced
   2          
   2NT          5+
   3          
   3          
   3          AKQxxx
   3          AKQxxx
  2           
   2          denies Hxx or better
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         2-suiter with or , or slammish balanced
     3        denies 3
      3       5+-4
      3       5+-4
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, no or interest
     3        3, spade interest
      3NT       4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       denies
     3NT        3, interest in
      4       
      4       slamtry , denies 4
      4       denies 4+
    3         5-4+
    3         
    3         6-5
    4         4-5-4
    4         4-5-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          Hxx or better , weak side 5-crd suit (3 asks for it [3N
   3          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          Jxx(x) or worse support
  2           
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         natural, or slammish balanced
     3        no fit
      3       5+-4+
      3       6-4+
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, interest in
     3        3, no interest
    3         
    3         
    3         
    4         5-4-4
    4         5-4-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          denies Hxx or better
   3          Hxx or better , weak side 5-crd suit (3N asks for it)
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          Jxx(x) or worse support
  2NT           balanced without 4+
   3          
    3         denies 4, shows at least one 4M
     3        
      3       
      3NT       4, denies 4
    3         4-4
    3         4-4
    3NT         4-5, no M
  3           
  3           
  3           great suit
  3           great suit
  4           great suit
  4           great suit

  2             6 controls, GF
  2           
   2          denies Hxx or better
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         2-suiter with or , or slammish balanced
     3        denies 3
      3       5+-4
      3       5+-4
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, no or interest
     3        3, spade interest
      3NT       4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       cue for , denies 4
      4       denies
     3NT        3, interest in
      4       
      4       slamtry , denies 4
      4       denies 4+
    3         5-4+
    3         
    3         6-5
    4         4-5-4
    4         4-5-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          Hxx or better , weak side 5-crd suit (3 asks for it [3N
   3          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          Jxx(x) or worse support
  2           
   2NT          bal, may have Hxx support
    3         natural, or slammish balanced
     3        no fit
      3       5+-4+
      3       6-4+
      3NT       slammish balanced
      4       5+-5+
     3        3, interest in
     3        3, no interest
    3         
    3         
    3         
    4         5-4-4
    4         5-4-4
    4         5-4-4
   3          
   3          
   3          denies Hxx or better
   3          Hxx or better , weak side 5-crd suit (3N asks for it)
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          fit-showing jump, Hxx or better and 5+ great
   4          Jxx(x) or worse support
  3           
  3           
  3           great suit
  3           great suit
  4           great suit
  4           great suit

  2             3-6 HCP all in the suit
  2NT           asks # HCP (3, 4, 5, 6)

  2             3-6 HCP all in the suit
  2NT           asks # HCP (3, 4, 5, 6)

  2NT             any solid 7-crd suit with a side void, no side controls
  3           asks for void

  3             KQxxxxx and nothing on the side

  3             KQxxxxx and nothing on the side

  3             headed by the KQ or KJ, nothing on the side

  3             headed by the KQ or KJ, nothing on the side

  3NT             any solid 7-crd suit without a side void, may have side controls
  4           asks to cue any side controls
  4           asks for sol suit


After bidding 1
  1             may be 3 cards if constructive with 5+
  1           multi: either a) 4 bad balanced, or b) 5+-4 min or max, or c) 5+-5+ minimum
   1NT          
    Pass         had 4
    2         minor 2-suiter
   2          invit+ checkback
    2         5-4, 1-2, minimum
    2         bal 12-14, 4-3
    2         bal 12-14, 2
    2NT         5-4, 1-2, maximum
    3         5-5, 0-2, minimum
    3         5-4-3, minimum
    3         5-5-3, minimum
    3         6-4-3 minimum
    3NT         5-4-3 maximum
    4         5-5-3 maximum
    4         6-4-3 maximum
   2          constructive, 5, 3-4
   2          
   2          5+-4+, GF reverse
    2NT         5-4, no good fit
    3         5-5, no good fit, minimum
    3         5-4, no good fit, maximum
    3         cue for , good support and a good hand
    3         4 bal 12-14
    3NT         5-4, misfit, minimum
    4         cue for , good support and a good hand
    4         cue for , good support and a good hand
  1NT           12-14 bal, denies 4
   2          checkback: invit+ relay, or signoff in 3
    2         2
     2        NF
      2NT       
     2        GF relay
      2NT       4-4 minors
      3       3-2-3-5
      3       3-2-5-3
     3        
    2         3, minimum
     2        GF relay
      2NT       4-4 minors
      3       4-333
      3       4-333
      3       5-3
      3       5-3
     3        
    2         5-4-2-2, conc. in the minors
     3        
    2NT         3, maximum
     3        
   2          constructive, 5, 3-4
   2          
   2          reverse, 5+-4+ GF
   2NT          11-12
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          
  2           5+-4, or 6+ 0+
   2          invit+ relay
    2         3, not 6-4
     2        
      2NT        1-suiter, maximum
      3        1-suiter, minimum
      3       5+, 4, minimum, 3 bad
      3       5+, 4, 3 bad , maximum
    2         5-4, minimum, denies 3
    2NT          1-suiter, maximum, denies 3
    3          1-suiter, minimum, denies 3
    3         5, 4, maximum, denies 3
    3         6-4, 3 (good or bad), minimum
    3         6-4, 3 bad , maximum
    3NT         6-4, Hxx , maximum
   2          
   2          5+-4 GF
   2NT          
   3          
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          
   3NT          
  2           
   2          
   2          GF, 5+, 4+
   2NT          asks for 3-crd support, invit+
   3          4, 5+ GF
   3          
   3          
   3NT          
   4          4, 5+ GF
  2           4 bad crds, or good 3 cards with stiff
  2           5+, 4+, 8 tricks
   2NT          
    3         6-4-3
    3         5-5-(2-1)
    3         6-4-3
    3         6-4-(2-1)
    3NT         5-5-3
    4         5-5-3
    4         6-5
  2NT           5-5 14-16
  3           5-5 8 tricks
  3           6-4, 8 tricks
  3           5+, 4+ 8 tricks

  1             
  1NT           12-14, bal or 5-4 minors 3-1
   2          checkback: invit+ relay or signoff in 3
    2         2
     2        
      2       5-4 minors, 3-1
      2NT       4-4 minors
      3       5
      3       5
     2        NF
      2NT       
    2         5-4 minors-2-2
    2         3, minimum
     2NT        GF relay
      3       4, denies 4
      3       4, denies 4
      3       5
      3       5
      3NT       4-4 minors
   2          5-4
   2          5+-4+
   2          
   2NT          11-12
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          
   3NT          
  2           5+-4+, or 6+ 0+
   2          invit+ relay
    2         5-4, 0-2, minimum
    2         3 bad , not 6-4
     2NT        invit+ relay
      3        1-suiter, minimum
      3       5+-4, 3, minimum
      3       5+ good , maximum
      3        1-suiter, maximum
    2NT          1-suiter, maximum, denies 3
    3          1-suiter, minimum, denies 3
    3         5-4, maximum, denies 3
    3         6-4-3 minimum
    3         6-4, xxx , maximum
    3NT         6-4, Hxx , maximum
   2          5+-4+
   2          
   2NT          
   3          
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          
   3NT          
  2           6+crds or good 5
   2          5+-4+
   2          
   2NT          invit+ relay, asks for 3-crd supp.
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          
   3          4-5+ GF
   3          
   3NT          
   4          4-5+
  2           reverse: 5+, 4+, 8 tricks
   2NT          
    3         6-4-3
    3         5-5-(2-1)
    3         6-4-(2-1)
    3         6-4-3
    3NT         5-5-3
    4         5-5-3
    4         6-5
  2           4 weak bal, or 3 good and sing.
  2NT           5-5 14-16
  3           5-5 8 tricks
  3           6-4 8 tricks

  1NT             6-10, may have a 4M
  2           5+-4+, or 6+ 0+
  2           6+ or good 5 cards
  2           5+-4+ 8 tricks
   2NT          
    3         6-4-3
    3         5-5-(2-1)
    3         6-4-(2-1)
    3         6-4-3
    3NT         5-5-3
    4         5-5-3
    4         6-5
  2           5+-4+ 8 tricks
   2NT          
    3         6-4-3
    3         5-5-(2-1)
    3         6-4-3
    3         6-4-(2-1)
    3NT         5-5-3
    4         5-5-3
    4         6-5
  2NT           5-5 minors 14-16
  3           5-5 minors, 8 tricks
  3           6-4, 8 tricks

  2             nat GF, or bal invite, may be canape
  2           most hands
   2          5+, 4+
    2         balanced without stopper, 4th suit forcing
    2NT         balanced, unbid suits stopped
    3         
    3         6+ 1-suiter
    3         Hxx or better support, bal or 5
    3         Hxx or better support, 5+
    3NT         Hxx or better support, 5+
    4         5-4-3, max
    4         5-4-3, max
    4         Hxx or better support, void in
   2          5+-4+
    2NT          stopper, denies Hxx or better
    3         
    3         6+ 1-suiter
    3         balanced without a stopper, 4th suit forcing
    3         Hxx or better support
    3NT         Hxx or better support, 5+
    4         5-4-3, maximum
    4         5-4-3, maximum
    4         Hxx or better support, void
   2NT          11-12
   3          nat GF
   3          5+-4+ slammish
  2           5+-4+ 8 tricks
   2NT          
    3         6-4-3
    3         5-5-(2-1)
    3         6-4-(2-1)
    3         6-4-3
    3NT         5-5-3
    4         5-5-3
    4         6-5
  2           5+-4+ 8 tricks
   2NT          
    3         6-4-3
    3         5-5-(2-1)
    3         6-4-3
    3         6-4-(2-1)
    3NT         5-5-3
    4         5-5-3
    4         6-5
  2NT           6+ 1-suiter, maximum, but not 2/top 3 honors
  3           5-5, non-minimum
  3           6-4 8 tricks

  2             GF relay
  2           most hands
   2          5+-4+ GF
   2NT          5+-4+ GF
   3          5+, 3-4
   3          6+ 1-suiter
    3          fit and stopper
    3          fit and stopper, no stopper
    3NT         both majors stopped
  2           5+-4+, 8 tricks
   2NT          
    3         6-4-3
    3         5-5-(2-1)
    3         6-4-3
    3         6-4-(2-1)
    3NT         5-5-3
    4         5-5-3
    4         6-5
  2NT           5+-4+, 8 tricks
   3          
    3         5-5-(2-1)
    3         6-4-(2-1)
    3         6-4-3
    3NT         5-5-3
    4         6-4-3
    4         5-5-3
    4         6-5
  3           5+-4+, 8 tricks
  3           6+ 1-suiter

  2             solid 6+crds

  2             solid 6+crds

  2NT             15-19 bal, no 4M/5m
  3           relay, interest in minors
   3          4, denies 4, 15-17
   3          4-4 minors, 3, 15-17
   3          4-4 minors, 3 15-17
   3NT          4-333 15-17
   4          4-333 18-19
   4          4-333 18-19
   4          4-4 minors, 3 18-19
   4          4-4 minors, 3, 18-19
  3           
  3           5+-4+ 8 tricks
  3           5+-4+ 8 tricks
  3NT           

  3             AKQxxxx

  3             AKQxxxx


After bidding 1
  1             
  1NT           12-14 bal or 1-444
   2          checkback: invit+ relay, or signoff in 3
    2         denies 3
     2        
     2        5 good or 6 bad cards
     2NT        denies 3 or 5 good
     3        weak
     3        general slamtry, either 1-suiter that is not solid, or balanced, demands cues
     3        balanced
     3        
     3NT        
     4        less than HHxx support, slammish, cue
     4        less than HHxx support, slammish, cue
     4        
    2         5-3 12-14
     2        
     2NT        
     3        weak
     3        general slamtry, demands cues, could be 1-suiter or bal
     3        
     3        
     4        slammish raise, cue, denies 2 of the top 3
     4        slammish raise, cue, denies 2 of the top 3
     4        
    2         3-4, minimum
     2NT        GF, asks for a 4-crd minor
     3        weak
     3        general slam try, demands cues, could be 1-suiter or balanced
     3        
     3        
    2NT         3-4, maximum
    3         1-444 12-14
   2          
   2          5-3, weak
   2          
   2NT          
   3          4-5+, slammish
   3          4-5+, slammish
   3          
   3          good 6-crd suit
   3NT          
   4          HHxx or better , cue, slammish
   4          HHxx or better , cue, slammish
   4          
   4          
  2           either or could be longer
   2          invit+ relay
    2         5-4, denies 3, minimum
     2        
     2NT        
     3        
    2         
     2NT        relay
      3       4-5 minimum
      3       4-5 maximum
      3       5-4 minimum
      3       5-4 maximum
      3NT       5-5 minimum
    2NT         maximum, stopper or 3-suiter void in
     3        relay
      3       0-4-4-5
      3       0-5-4-4
      3       0-5-3-5
      3NT       4-5+, stopper, maximum
    3         4-5+ minimum, may have stopper
    3         4-5+, maximum, no stopper
    3         5-4 good hand, no stopper
    3         5-5+, maximum, no stopper
    3NT         5-4 maximum, stopper
    4         3-4-6 maximum
    4         5-5-3 maximum
    4         6-4-3, medium strength
   2          
   2          
   2NT          4-5+, weak
   3          
   3          4-5+, slammish
   3          
   3          not self-sufficient suit
   3NT          
   4          4-5+, strong slam try
   4          4-5+ to at least 2 top honors, slam try
  2           either or could be longer, not 5-4 maximum
   2          
   2          
   2NT          invit+ relay
    3         5+ minimum, or 5-5 maximum
     3        relay, interest in
      3       minimum, denies 3
      3       minimum, 3
      3NT       maximum 5-5, denies 3
     3        
    3         minimum, 4, 5+, may have 3
     3        
    3         minimum, 5-5, denies 3
     3        
    3         max, 4-5+-3
    3NT         max, 5, denies 3
    4         5-5-3
   3          either a) 4-5+ slammish, or b) 4th suit forcing
   3          
   3          
   3          not self-sufficient suit
   3NT          
   4          4-5+, at least 2 top honors in , slammish
   4          4-5+, slammish
  2           a) 15-16 5332, or b) 6+crds 1-suiter 13-16, or c) 6-4m 15-16, or d) 5-4 14-16
   2          semiforcing, primarily interested opposite support
    Pass         denies 3
    2NT         does not exist
    3         5332 15-16, or 5-4 14-16
     3        GF relay, interest in or
      3       5-4, denies 3
      3       5-3-(3-2)
      3NT       5-2-3-3
      4       3-5-4-1
       4      sets
       4      
       4      
    3         6-4, 15-16
    3         6+ 1-suiter, denies 3, at most 7.5 tricks
    3         6+ 1-suiter, 3, at most 7.5 tricks
    3NT         6-4, 15-16
   2NT          invit+ relay
    3         5332 15-16, or 5-4 14-16
     3        GF relay, interest in or
      3       5-4, denies 3
      3       5-3-(3-2)
      3NT       5-2-3-3
      4       3-5-4-1
       4      sets
       4      
       4      
    3         6-4, 15-16
    3         6+ 1-suiter, denies 3, at most 7.5 tricks
    3         6+ 1-suiter, 3, at most 7.5 tricks
    3NT         6-4, 15-16
   3          4-5+, slammish
   3          4-5+, slammish
   3          
  2           
   2NT          invit+, asks shortness
    3         sing.
    3         sing.
    3         4-5-2-2
    3         balanced, minimum
    3NT         balanced, maximum
  2NT           1-444, or 0-4-5-4, maximum
   3          
   3          
   3          
   3          
    3NT         1-444
    4         0-4-5-4
   3NT          
   4          promises Hxxx or better
   4          promises Hxxx or better
  3           6-4+ or 5-5, 8 tricks
   3          
    3         6-4, denies 3
    3         6-4-3
    3NT         5-5, denies 3
    4         5-5-3
  3           4-6+ great , 8 tricks
  3           7.5-8 tricks, 1-suiter
  3           max, 4
  3NT           6+-4+, 8 tricks, denies any 1st round control in a minor
  4           6+-4+, 8 tricks, 1st round control in
  4           6+-4+, 8 tricks, 1st round control in

  1NT             6-10, no M
  2            or could be longer
   2          
   2          
   2          invit+ relay, 3
    2NT         4-5+, minimum, stopper
    3         4-5+, minimum, no stopper
    3         4-5+-3, maximum
    3         5+-4+ minimum
    3         4-5+, maximum, no stopper
    3NT         4-5+, maximum, stopper
    4         5+, maximum
   2NT          invite, denies 3
    3         4-5+, minimum, no stopper
    3         4-5+-3, maximum
    3         5+-4, maximum, probably no stopper, usually good 5 or any 6 cards
    3         4-5+, maximum, no stopper
    3NT         maximum, stopper, any distribution
   3          8-10
  2            or could be longer
   2          
   2          invit+ relay, 3
    2NT         4-5+ minimum
    3         4-5+-3, minimum - choice of contracts
    3         4-5+ minimum, suit-oriented
    3 </